COHEN, family distinguished in Anglo-Jewish life for almost two centuries. LEVI BARENT COHEN (1747–1808) went to England from Amersfoort (Holland) in the third quarter of the 18th century. He was presiding warden of the Great Synagogue, London, and the first president of the Jews' Hospital. One daughter, Hannah, married Nathan Meyer rothschild and another, Judith, Sir moses montefiore ; a granddaughter married Sir david salomons and a great-granddaughter Samuel Montagu, the first Lord Swaythling. His male descendants included AARON cohen , who was appointed a queen's counsel, and LIONEL LOUIS COHEN (1832–87). The latter succeeded his father, LOUIS COHEN (1799–1882), as head of the family firm of foreign bankers and brokers, and subsequently became a manager of the Stock Exchange. He was an authority on Indian railways and Turkish finance. A political Conservative, he was elected to parliament in 1885 and during his short but brilliant political career served on royal commissions on the trade depression, on gold and silver, and on endowed schools. In communal affairs, he became honorary secretary of the Jewish Board of Guardians (now Jewish Welfare Board) on its foundation and its president in 1878. He was followed in this office by his brother SIR BENJAMIN LOUIS COHEN (1844–1909), his son SIR LEONARD LIONEL COHEN (1858–1938), his niece HANNAH FLORETTA COHEN (1875–1946), and his grandson Lord lionel leonard cohen . He played a leading part in the founding of the United Synagogue in 1870. In 1881 he initiated the movement to help oppressed Russian Jewry, which led to the first relief fund being established in England on their behalf. His descendants include sir andrew benjamin cohen (1909–1968), colonial governor and civil servant, and ruth cohen (1906–1991), principal of Newnham College, Cambridge. The WALEY-COHEN family are descendants of his brother NATHANIEL (see Cohen, Sir Robert Waley ). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: JHSET, 16 (1952), 11–25 (address by Lord Justice Cohen); V.D. Lipman, Century of Social Service, 1889–1959 (1959); C. Roth, History of the Great Synagogue (1950), index; P.H. Emden, Jews of Britain (1943). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: C. Bermant, The Cousinhood (1961), 175–98, index; Michael Jolles, Directory of Distinguished Jews, 1830–1930 (2002), index; ODNB online for Sir Andrew Cohen, Sir Benjamin Cohen, Louis Cohen, and Ruth Cohen. (Vivian David Lipman)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Cohen — ist ein jüdischer Familienname. Der Familienname hat die höchste Verbreitung vergleichbar mit Müller und Schmidt in der deutschsprachigen Welt oder mit Smith in der englischsprachigen Welt. Herkunft und Bedeutung Cohen ist der biblische Name von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Cohen — may refer to: Kohen, a Jewish priest Cohen (surname), a common Jewish surname Contents 1 Media 2 Locations 3 Science 4 Law …   Wikipedia

  • COHEN (L.) — COHEN LEONARD (1934 ) En 1968, la photo sépia d’un visage grave attire les clients dans les magasins de disques. Cette photo orne une pochette de disque d’un noir sévère où on lit tout simplement: Songs of Leonard Cohen . Ce disque, le premier… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • COHEN — COHEN, prominent U.S. family in the 18th–19th centuries, mostly in Baltimore. JACOB I. (1744–1823) was the first of the family to go from Oberdorf, Germany, to the U.S. (1773). He served in the Revolutionary Army, and in 1780 settled in Richmond …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Cohen — Cohen, Herman Cohen, Leonard Cohen, Marcel Cohen, Paul Joseph Cohen, Stanley * * * I (as used in expressions) Brandes, Georg (Morris Cohen) Samuel Cohen Judy Cohen Elizabeth Cohen II o kohen ( …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • COHEN (M.) — COHEN MARCEL (1884 1974) L’ampleur, la variété et l’intérêt de l’œuvre du grand linguiste que fut Marcel Cohen sont à la mesure d’une vie qui recouvre près d’un siècle. Né à Paris, il fit ses études au lycée Condorcet, où naquit l’inaltérable… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cohen — (Albert) (1895 1981) écrivain suisse d expression française. Haut fonctionnaire à la S.D.N. puis à l ONU, il vécut à Genève. Ses romans, en partie autobiographiques, mêlent l humour et la sensualité: Solal (1930), Mangeclous (1938), Belle du… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • COHEN — COHEN, family of Liverpool (England) merchants and public servants. LOUIS SAMUEL COHEN (1846–1922) was born in Sydney (Australia), and went to England in 1859. In 1864 he joined a relative, David Lewis, who owned a clothing store, becoming head… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • COHEN (P. J.) — COHEN PAUL JOSEPH (1934 ) Mathématicien et logicien américain. En 1963, Cohen a découvert une nouvelle construction de modèles, appelée forcing, qui joue désormais un rôle fondamental dans la théorie des ensembles et dans la théorie des modèles;… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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